Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease that affects and impairs voluntary muscle movement. It is the leading genetic cause of infant death. SMA is caused by a mutated or missing survival motor neuron 1 gene (SMN1) that prevents the body from making enough survival motor neuron protein (SMN), ultimately resulting in motor neuron . . .
The muscular dystrophies are a group of neuromuscular diseases that cause weakness and degeneration of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles. Muscular dystrophies are generally considered genetic diseases, or diseases that arise from genetic mutations, which can be either inherited or spontaneous. Some muscular dystrophies have been found to have a genetic component, which means a genetic . . .
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease, which is a disease that occurs when the immune system goes awry and produces antibodies that attack the body’s own tissues. Normally, antibodies are created to rid the body of pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and foreign substances. In MG, antibodies attack the connection between nerve and muscle . . .